A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source. It is a pn-junction diode, which emits light when activated. When a suitable voltage is applied to the leads, electrons are able to recombine with electron holes within the device, releasing energy in the form of photons.
This is a simple 5mm LED with an interesting array of applications. This UV LED can be used for counterfeit detection (bills, credit cards, documents, etc), sterilization, pesticide, black lights, sun burns, the list goes on. Please wear eye protection when using these LEDs.
An LED light source made of red, green, and blue LEDs (RGB-LEDs) can provide the unique feature of color variability, allowing the user to select the desired color point of the lamp. The white light color accuracy required in the general illumination market is a challenge for LEDs.
An IR LED, also known as IR transmitter, is a special purpose LED that transmits infrared rays in the range of 760 nm wavelength. Such LEDs are usually made of gallium arsenide or aluminium gallium arsenide. They, along with IR receivers, are commonly used as sensors.
Clear-lens ultra bright 5-mm RGB LEDs with four leads, common-anode configuration. The water-clear lens projects high brightness for visibility at a distance, but does not inherently provide color mixing like the diffused lens version does.